World Cancer Day is observed on 4th February every year to create awareness about cancer. The theme for the year 2020 is ‘I am and I will’. Cancer occurs due to the uncontrolled, abnormal growth of cells in the tissue or organ of the body. Cancer can occur at any age and if not detected early and treated, it can be fatal. It is the second leading cause of death globally!
According to Dr Vijay Agarwal, Senior Oncologist in New Delhi, “Lung, breast, cervical and colorectal cancer are some cancers that are most common in India”. There has been a rise in the number of cancer cases that are now being reported in India, and health experts believe that poor lifestyle is the primary reason for this rise.
No single person, organisation or country is going to beat cancer on its own. We must all work together to make faster progress on our goal of 3 in 4 people surviving cancer by 2034!
Important facts and figures about Cancer
- According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), one-third of deaths from cancer are due to the five leading behavioural and dietary risks: high body mass index, low fruit and vegetable intake, lack of physical activity, tobacco use, and alcohol use
- Tobacco use contributes to a huge number of cancer deaths. It is responsible for approximately 22% of cancer deaths.
- Lung, colorectal, stomach, liver and breast cancers are responsible for most cancer deaths each year.
- Cancer is a result of abnormal growth of cells, this growth can be a contribution of both external factors and inherited genetic factors.
- According to WHO, one in six deaths is due to cancer. Approximately 70% of deaths from cancer occur in low- and middle-income countries. Only 1 in 5 low- and middle-income countries have the necessary data to drive cancer policy.
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